Hammer toe is a problem associated with the smaller toes on your feet. Your toes consist of three bones. These bones are called phalanges. The area where the toes bend are joints. The technical term is interphalangeal joints. Hammer toe happens when the toe cannot bend at the first joint. I have Hammer toe, on my right foot. It is in the toe closest to the big or Great toe, as called by the podiatrist. Hammer toe is caused by different factors. Wearing shoes that put pressure on the toes are often at blame. This is the reason that more females develop Hammer toe.
For a while, a hammertoe may maintain some flexibility. But when a toe is forced into a bent position too long, the muscles and tendons that control the toe may tighten, resulting in a rigidly bent toe. The pain from a hammertoe is most commonly caused by the pressure and friction from pressing against the inside of the shoe. Calluses and corns, a hard growth of skin, can develop, worsening the pain. Journalists can become a member of the Mayo Clinic News Network for the latest health, science and research news and access to video, audio, text and graphic elements that can be downloaded or embedded.
The human feet are the most stressed and used part of the human body. Not only do they take the weight of the entire human body, they provide cushioning to the legs while running, walking and jumping. Feet not only take punishment on a regular basis but are often neglected. This lack of care results in heel pain, warts, peeling, scaling, and thickened & discolored toenails. Corns are thick circular patches of skin that can occur anywhere on the foot, but mostly on the sole. Corns erupt because of wearing ill-fitting shoes, lack of cushioning or if the person spends most of their day standing.
Foot pain is not a very serious problem and according to the available statistics, about 75% of Americans experience foot pain at some point in their lives. People may experience heel pain, side foot pain, pain at the bottom of the foot, ankle pain, etc. The symptoms of foot pain may vary according to the causes and location of the foot pain. Foot provides us the basic liberty of moving around freely. So you should be extremely careful while walking, running or doing any activity involving foot movement; since the foot is subject to trauma in every step you take.
There are several types of surgeries used to correct hammertoes. Some surgeries may require general anaesthetic while others are completed safely under local anaesthetic. In most cases, hammertoe surgery can be done during the day and you will not have to stay overnight at the hospital. The foot and prepared and a small incision is made. Your surgeon will be using small tools to work in this delicate area of the foot. Digital arthrodesis involves straightening the toe and fusing the joint completely. The surgeon inserts a wire into the toe that extends past the end of the toe to hold it in place for around 3-6 weeks.
The toes may seem small and relatively insignificant, but they are vital to walking and working. There are at least six sets of muscles that control each toe. Two tendons join on the dorsal aspect (top) of the toes, and insert into the middle and distal phalanges of each toe. On the bottom (plantar aspect) of the toes are two more muscles that, instead of joining like the extensors, remain separate. Each muscle stabilizes one of the bones in the toe. The flexor digitorum longus muscle attaches to the bone at the end of the toe (distal phalanx) and the flexor digitorum brevis attaches to the middle phalanx.
A hammertoe is a deformity that causes your toe to bend or curl downward instead of pointing forward. This deformity can affect any toe on your foot; however, it most often affects the second toe or third toe. Although a hammertoe may be present at birth, it usually develops over time due to wearing ill-fitting shoes or arthritis In most cases, a hammertoe is treatable. What Causes a Hammertoe to Form? A hammertoe causes you discomfort when you walk. It can also cause you pain when trying to stretch or move the affected toe or those around it. Hammertoe symptoms may be mild or severe. Mild Symptoms
ã€€ã€€United States foot Medical Association survey found that more than 34% of the men did not pay attention to their shoe number should change; 20% women make shoes hurt your feet a week; 8% men shoes do not fit lackluster. In fact, as they age, the person’s feet become wider for longer, it is best to try several times before buy shoes. ã€€ã€€Experts say often wear high heels foot force focused on the heel and front foot Palm, will cause the hammer toe and toenail problems, nerve tumor, thumb bursitis. As such, in most cases, the best heel height no more than 2.5 inches (6.35 cm).